A Supportive Framework for the Development of a Digital Twin for Wind Turbines Using Open-Source Software Tiril Malmedal Mechanics and Process Technology
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- Master's theses (RealTek) 
The world is facing a global climate crisis. Renewable energy is one of the big solutions, nevertheless, there are technological challenges. Wind power is an important part of the renewable energy system. With the digitalization of industry, smart monitoring and operation is an important step towards efficient use of resources. Thus, Digital Twins (DT) should be applied to enhance power output. Digital Twins for energy systems combine many fields of study, such as smart monitoring, big data technology, and advanced physical modeling. Frameworks for the structure of Digital Twins are many, but there are few standardized methods based on the experience of such developed Digital Twins. An integrative review on the topic of Digital Twins with the goal of creating a conceptual development framework for DTs with open-source software is performed. However, the framework is yet to be tested experimentally but is nevertheless an important contribution toward the understanding of DT technology development. The result of the review is a seven-step framework identifying potential components and methods needed to create a fully developed DT for the aerodynamics of a wind turbine. Suggested steps are Assessment, Create, Communicate, Aggregate, Analyze, Insight, and Act. The goal is that the framework can stimulate more research on digital twins for small-scale wind power. Thus, making small-scale wind power more accessible and affordable.