The meaning of Internet access in Myanmar
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As the world has become dependent on digital solutions for development in social, economic and political contexts, countries are categorised regarding the level of digitalisation. In this regard, Internet is an essential element, where digital solutions are reliant on connecting citizens. In Myanmar the transition towards digitalisation has occurred only in recent years. The country has seen a huge change from being one of the least digitalised countries before 2010, to becoming one of the most digitalised developing countries today (Calderaro, 2016; Telenor, 2018). The digital development has contributed to many opportunities, but also several challenges and risks. Internet and social media can contribute to business opportunities, where especially women are becoming more social and economic empowered, but it has also resulted in the spreading of hate speech. In economic terms, Internet access has contributed to economic growth, increased trade and digital financial solutions, but the lack of cyber capabilities and regulations restrict the effectiveness of these improvements. Statistically, Internet access demonstrates a digital progress in Myanmar, with number of Internet users and mobile phone owners continuously rising. Nonetheless, digital divides provide a huge challenge in ensuring universal and affordable access to Internet, where gender, demography and skills are relevant elements. This thesis will discuss how social, economic and political aspects are affected by increased access to Internet in Myanmar, and assess the current situation of Internet, both in relation to the sociotechnical transitions approach.