Role of remittances on sustainable livelihoods of rural families in Nepal
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This study was conducted to estimate the level of Sustainable livelihood strategy of remittances for the residents of Balthali and Dewabhumi Baluwa Village Development Committee of Kavre district in Nepal. This research has examined how remittance received from local people at the study community perceive sustainable livelihood strategy and in what ways they think sustainable livelihood outcomes can be achieved at the community level. This study was more focused on remittances dependency, distribution and diversification in the households. Eighty two HHs of Balthali and Dewabhumi Baluwa VDC´s were randomly selected for conducting a structured questionnaire survey together with unstructured in-depth interviews for data collection. The results shows that there is no much dependency of households in remittances as their other income sources were sufficient to fulfill the basic requirements. Only the households with bigger sizes had problem to basic requirements. These were fulfilled by remittances obtained from the family members. Diversification index was seen two as least and six as the highest income source. The main income source was agriculture which managed people to obtain basic requirements. Other income sources were off-farm, income from livestock, income obtained, and remittances. The relation shows that the diversification of income increases with the absolute income. Distribution of remittances were also analyzed using Gini co-efficient. The result from the Gini co-efficient was a difference of 0.02 when the data was analyzes using with and without remittances.