Expression and production of thermophilic alginate lyases in Bacillus and direct application of culture supernatant for seaweed saccharification
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionAlgal Research. 2021, 60 . 10.1016/j.algal.2021.102512
Brown seaweeds are rich in carbohydrates and may be used as a source of fermentable sugars. Saccharification of the seaweed biomass can be carried out enzymatically by a combination of cellulases and alginate lyases. In this study, thermotolerant exo- and endo alginate lyases were cloned and expressed in Bacillus subtilis. The lyases were secreted to the culture supernatant and used directly together with a commercial cellulase preparation to saccharify Saccharina latissima biomass. The results showed that the strategy of using the culture supernatants directly as a source of alginate lyases worked very well, releasing glucose, mannitol, and uronic acids. The ratio between the exo- and endo-acting alginate lyases proved to be very important for saccharification yield, and under optimal reaction conditions the use of culture supernatants containing alginate lyases improved final glucose concentration by 73%, when compared to only applying cellulases. This direct use of culture supernatants as a source of alginate lyases shows that enzyme purification steps are not needed, saving seaweed processing costs and points to the possibility of a relatively simple on-site enzyme production for seaweed biorefining.