A comparative analysis on diagnosis of diabetes mellitus using different approaches -A survey
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionInformatics in Medicine Unlocked,2020, 21, 100428 10.1016/j.imu.2020.100482
Diabetes Mellitus is commonly known as diabetes. It is one of the most chronic diseases as the World Health Organization (WHO) report shows that the number of diabetes patients has risen from 108 million to 422 million in 2014. Early diagnosis of diabetes is important because it can cause different diseases that include kidney failure, stroke, blindness, heart attacks, and lower limb amputation. Different diabetes diagnosis models are found in literature, but there is still a need to perform a survey to analyze which model is best. This paper performs a literature review for diabetes diagnosis approaches using Artificial Intelligence (neural networks, machine learning, deep learning, hybrid methods, and/or stacked-integrated use of different machine learning algorithms). More than thirty-five papers have been shortlisted that focus on diabetes diagnosis approaches. Different datasets are available online for the diagnosis of diabetes. Pima Indian Diabetes Dataset (PIDD) is the most commonly used for diabetes prediction. In contrast with other datasets, it has key factors which play an important role in diabetes diagnosis. This survey also throws light on the weaknesses of the existing approaches that make them less appropriate for a diabetes diagnosis. In artificial intelligence techniques, deep learning is widespread and in medical research, heart rate is getting more attention. Deep learning combined with other algorithms can give better results in diabetes diagnosis and heart rate should be used for other cardiac disease diagnoses.