Socio-ecological impacts of the TAZAMA pipeline in protected and in non-protected areas in Tanzania
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This study conducted along TAZAMA pipeline route covering sampling areas on protected and non-protected in Tanzania. The use of mixed research method involving a household survey, focused group discussion, interview, participant observation and secondary data enables to grasp important information which give a better understanding of social and ecological impacts created by the TAZAMA pipeline. The study focuses on impacts of the TAZAMA pipeline on household’s livelihoods and on conservation areas including National Parks located along TAZAMA pipeline route. The Sustainable Livelihood Approach was on effective theoretical approach in examining the vulnerability context including risks that affects households’ assets, activities and give outcomes to the individual livelihoods. Also, The Environmental Governance System Framework was used to assess the technology, involvement of different actors, their interactions and the outcomes created which led to changes in the states of the environmental resource along the pipeline route.