A critical perspective on the global political ecology of aquaculture and sustainability
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This thesis takes a critical view of the perspective and discourse of UN and FAO on sustainable fed aquaculture by analysing the “World Ocean Assessment of United Nations” and the FAO “Report on the State of the World’s Fisheries and Aquaculture”. The assessment and the report are analysed by critical content, thematic and discourse analysis, and discussed in a political ecological framework based on critical theory. The assessment of sustainability of fed aquaculture in UN and FAO were found to be framed by the environmental indicators of “conversion rates”, “sourcing” and “substitution”, and the socio-economic indicators of “income”, “employment” and “food and nutrition”. This research gives insight into the discourse on, and the sustainability of, fed aquaculture, and aims to contribute to the efforts for sustainable development of aquaculture as well as engaging the critical discussion on the topic.