Brain drain of China and India
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Abstract Under the background of globalization, brain drain is a common phenomenon in many countries. Talents flow from developing countries to developed countries, and this phenomenon unavoidably exerts various and profound influences to both the source countries and the receiving countries. This thesis deals with the phenomenon of brain drain with the aim to investigate the phenomenon further and carry out two case studies of China and India. The research method is mainly comparative case study. Information sources of this thesis are the open resources which could be accessed publicly. The theoretical part discusses the definition and characteristics of brain drain and looks globally at the magnitude of this phenomenon. Motivations of brain drain are analyzed because a better understanding of motivations can facilitate formulation of proper policies on talent management. The costs of brain drain on the source country and the benefits to the host country are discussed in detail. The two case studies of China and India investigate the present situation and the impacts of brain drain in both countries, and the attitude and policies about brain drain by the Chinese and Indian governments. Reverse brain drain, as an inherent opposite of brain drain, is also discussed in this thesis as it has also been observed in both China and India. The motivations of talent return are various. Recently the global economic recession has great impact on the brain migration. The impacts on the overseas talents and on those who intend to migrate are discussed. Based on the information collected, the different policy measures in coping with brain drain in China and India are discussed. The academic contribution of this thesis mainly lies in the comparative research of brain drain in the two largest developing countries- China and India, analysis of the motivations and impacts of brain drain, and the discussion on the implication of policy measures in coping with the phenomenon of brain drain.